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Vue-cli计时器应用 Vue-cli框架实现计时器应用

Chernyang   2021-08-06 我要评论
想了解Vue-cli框架实现计时器应用的相关内容吗,Chernyang在本文为您仔细讲解Vue-cli计时器应用的相关知识和一些Code实例,欢迎阅读和指正,我们先划重点:vue,cli,计时器,下面大家一起来学习吧。

技术背景

本应用使用 vue-cli 框架,并使用了自定义组件(将按钮拆分成单独的组件)和vue 模板。

使用说明

开始正计时:点击工具栏的“开始正计时”按钮即可,快捷键为"Enter"键。

开始倒计时:在输入框内写入时间后,点击“开始倒计时”按钮,即可开始倒计时。

暂停计时器:点击“暂停计时器”按钮即可暂停。

清空正/倒计时:点击此按钮,计时器便会回到初始状态,等待新的计时。

重新再计时:点击此按钮,计时器便会重新开始此次计时。

恢复计时器:点击此按钮即可从暂停状态中恢复。


代码

首先初始化项目

vue init webpack <project name>

components文件夹中放入文件:CounterButton.vue

<template>
  <div>
    <button v-bind:class="styleObject" v-on:click="$emit('click-button')">{{ text }}</button>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  name: "CounterButton",
  props: {
    text: String
  },
  data: function() {
    return {
      styleObject: {
        countup: false,
        countdown: false,
        clear: false,
        pause: false,
        restart: false,
        resume: false
      }
    };
  },
  created: function() {
    if (this.text == "开始正计时") {
      this.styleObject.countup = true;
    } else if (this.text == "开始倒计时") {
      this.styleObject.countdown = true;
    } else if (this.text == "清空倒计时" || this.text == "清空正计时") {
      this.styleObject.clear = true;
    } else if (this.text == "暂停计时器") {
      this.styleObject.pause = true;
    } else if (this.text == "重新再计时") {
      this.styleObject.restart = true;
    } else if (this.text == "恢复计时器") {
      this.styleObject.resume = true;
    }
  }
};
</script>

<style>
.countup {
  background-color: #2188e9;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border-color: #2188e9;
  position: absolute;
  left: 310px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 98px;
  height: 40px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #ffffff;
}

.countdown {
  background-color: #2188e9;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border-color: #2188e9;
  position: absolute;
  left: 428px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 98px;
  height: 40px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #ffffff;
}

.clear {
  background-color: #dd2e1d;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border-color: #dd2e1d;
  position: absolute;
  left: 964px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 98px;
  height: 40px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #ffffff;
}

.pause {
  background-color: #2188e9;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border-color: #2188e9;
  position: absolute;
  left: 227px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 98px;
  height: 40px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #ffffff;
}

.restart {
  background-color: #ffb020;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border-color: #ffb020;
  position: absolute;
  left: 1082px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 98px;
  height: 40px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #ffffff;
}

.resume {
  background-color: #2188e9;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border-color: #2188e9;
  position: absolute;
  left: 227px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 98px;
  height: 40px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #ffffff;
}
</style>

将App.vue改为

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <div class="toolbar">
      <div v-show="initialSeen">
        <input v-model="hour" id="hour" />

        <input v-model="minute" id="minute" />

        <input v-model="second" id="second" />

        <span id="hourlabel">时</span>

        <span id="minutelabel">分</span>

        <span id="secondlabel">秒</span>

        <counter-button text="开始正计时" v-on:click-button="startCountUp" id="countup"></counter-button>

        <counter-button text="开始倒计时" v-on:click-button="startCountDown" id="countdown"></counter-button>
      </div>

      <span id="hint" v-show="hintSeen">{{ hint }}</span>

      <counter-button v-bind:text="clearText" v-on:click-button="clearCounter" v-show="clearSeen" id="clear"></counter-button>
      <counter-button text="暂停计时器" v-on:click-button="pauseCounter" v-show="pauseSeen" id="pause"></counter-button>
      <counter-button text="重新再计时" v-on:click-button="restartCounter" v-show="restartSeen" id="restart"></counter-button>
      <counter-button text="恢复计时器" v-on:click-button="resumeCounter" v-show="resumeSeen" id="resume"></counter-button>
    </div>
    <span id="time">{{ time }}</span>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import CounterButton from "./components/CounterButton";
export default {
  name: "App",
  data: function() {
    return {
      status: 1,
      // status---1: before start; 2: up timing; 3: down timing; 4: up pausing;
      // 5: down pausing; 6: down finished;
      hour: null,
      minute: null,
      second: null,
      time: "00:00:00",
      timer: null,
      Hour: 0,
      Minute: 0,
      Second: 0,
      Millisecond: 0,
      hourString: "",
      minuteString: "",
      secondString: "",
      recordHour: 0,
      recordMinute: 0,
      recordSecond: 0,
      recordMillisecond: 0,
      hint: "正在倒计时 12:20:00",
      clearText: "清空倒计时",
      initialSeen: true,
      clearSeen: false,
      pauseSeen: false,
      restartSeen: false,
      resumeSeen: false,
      hintSeen: false
    };
  },
  methods: {
    format: function(Hour, Minute, Second) {
      if (Second < 10) {
        this.secondString = "0" + Second;
      } else {
        this.secondString = Second;
      }

      if (Minute < 10) {
        this.minuteString = "0" + Minute;
      } else {
        this.minuteString = Minute;
      }

      if (Hour < 10) {
        this.hourString = "0" + Hour;
      } else {
        this.hourString = Hour;
      }
      return (
        this.hourString + ":" + this.minuteString + ":" + this.secondString
      );
    },
    changeStatus: function(aimStatus) {
      if (aimStatus == 1) {
        // before start
        this.initialSeen = true;
        this.clearSeen = false;
        this.pauseSeen = false;
        this.restartSeen = false;
        this.resumeSeen = false;
        this.hintSeen = false;
      } else if (aimStatus == 2 || aimStatus == 3) {
        // up timing || down timing
        this.initialSeen = false;
        this.clearSeen = true;
        this.pauseSeen = true;
        this.restartSeen = true;
        this.resumeSeen = false;
        this.hintSeen = true;

        if (aimStatus == 2) {
          this.hint = "正在正计时";
          this.clearText = "清空正计时";
        } else if (aimStatus == 3) {
          this.recordHour = parseInt(this.recordMillisecond / 3600000);
          this.recordMinute = parseInt(
            (this.recordMillisecond % 3600000) / 60000
          );
          this.recordSecond = parseInt((this.recordMillisecond % 60000) / 1000);
          this.hint =
            "正在倒计时 " +
            this.format(this.recordHour, this.recordMinute, this.recordSecond);
          this.clearText = "清空倒计时";
        }
      } else if (aimStatus == 4 || aimStatus == 5) {
        // up pausing || down pausing
        this.initialSeen = false;
        this.clearSeen = true;
        this.pauseSeen = false;
        this.restartSeen = true;
        this.resumeSeen = true;
        this.hintSeen = true;

        if (aimStatus == 4) {
          // up pausing
          this.hint = "暂停正计时";
          this.clearText = "清空正计时";
        } else if (aimStatus == 5) {
          // down pausing
          this.recordHour = parseInt(this.recordMillisecond / 3600000);
          this.recordMinute = parseInt(
            (this.recordMillisecond % 3600000) / 60000
          );
          this.recordSecond = parseInt((this.recordMillisecond % 60000) / 1000);
          this.hint =
            "暂停倒计时 " +
            this.format(this.recordHour, this.recordMinute, this.recordSecond);
          this.clearText = "清空倒计时";
        }
      } else if (aimStatus == 6) {
        // down finished
        this.initialSeen = false;
        this.clearSeen = true;
        this.pauseSeen = false;
        this.restartSeen = true;
        this.resumeSeen = false;
        this.hintSeen = true;

        this.recordHour = parseInt(this.recordMillisecond / 3600000);
        this.recordMinute = parseInt(
          (this.recordMillisecond % 3600000) / 60000
        );
        this.recordSecond = parseInt((this.recordMillisecond % 60000) / 1000);
        this.hint =
          "倒计时 " +
          this.format(this.recordHour, this.recordMinute, this.recordSecond) +
          " 已结束";
      }
    },
    CountUp: function() {
      this.Millisecond += 50;
      this.Hour = parseInt(this.Millisecond / 3600000);
      this.Minute = parseInt((this.Millisecond % 3600000) / 60000);
      this.Second = parseInt((this.Millisecond % 60000) / 1000);
      this.time = this.format(this.Hour, this.Minute, this.Second);
    },
    CountDown: function() {
      this.Millisecond -= 50;
      this.Hour = parseInt(this.Millisecond / 3600000);
      this.Minute = parseInt((this.Millisecond % 3600000) / 60000);
      this.Second = parseInt((this.Millisecond % 60000) / 1000);
      if (this.Millisecond <= 0) {
        clearInterval(this.timer);
        this.changeStatus(6);
      }
      this.time = this.format(this.Hour, this.Minute, this.Second);
    },
    startCountUp: function() {
      this.status = 2;
      this.Millisecond = 0;
      this.changeStatus(this.status);
      this.timer = setInterval(this.CountUp, 50);
    },
    startCountDown: function() {
      this.status = 3;
      this.Hour = this.hour;
      if (this.minute > 59) {
        this.Minute = 59;
      } else {
        this.Minute = this.minute;
      }
      if (this.second > 59) {
        this.Second = 59;
      } else {
        this.Second = this.second;
      }

      this.hour = null;
      this.minute = null;
      this.second = null;

      this.Millisecond =
        this.Hour * 3600000 + this.Minute * 60000 + this.Second * 1000;
      this.recordMillisecond = this.Millisecond;
      this.changeStatus(this.status);

      this.timer = setInterval(this.CountDown, 50);
    },
    clearCounter: function() {
      this.status = 1;
      this.changeStatus(this.status);
      clearInterval(this.timer);
      this.time = this.format(0, 0, 0);
    },
    pauseCounter: function() {
      if (this.status == 2) {
        // Now count up
        this.status = 4;
        this.changeStatus(this.status);
        clearInterval(this.timer);
      } else if (this.status == 3) {
        // now count down
        this.status = 5;
        this.changeStatus(this.status);
        clearInterval(this.timer);
      }
    },
    restartCounter: function() {
      if (this.status == 2 || this.status == 4) {
        this.status = 2;
        this.Millisecond = 0;
        this.changeStatus(this.status);
        clearInterval(this.timer);
        this.timer = setInterval(this.CountUp, 50);
      } else if ((this.status = 3 || this.status == 5 || this.status == 6)) {
        this.status = 3;
        this.Millisecond = this.recordMillisecond;
        this.changeStatus(this.status);
        clearInterval(this.timer);
        this.timer = setInterval(this.CountDown, 50);
      }
    },
    resumeCounter: function() {
      if (this.status == 4) {
        this.status = 2;
        this.changeStatus(this.status);
        this.timer = setInterval(this.CountUp, 50);
      } else if ((status = 5)) {
        this.status = 3;
        this.changeStatus(this.status);
        this.timer = setInterval(this.CountDown, 50);
      }
    },
    // 键盘事件
    handleKeyup(event) {
      const e = event || window.event || arguments.callee.caller.arguments[0];
      if (!e) return;
      const { key, keyCode } = e;
      if (key == "Enter") {
        if (this.status == 1) {
          // before start
          this.status = 2;
          this.Millisecond = 0;
          this.changeStatus(this.status);
          this.timer = setInterval(this.CountUp, 50);
        }
      } else if (keyCode == 32) {
        if (this.status == 2) {
          // Now count up
          this.status = 4;
          this.changeStatus(this.status);
          clearInterval(this.timer);
        } else if (this.status == 3) {
          // now count down
          this.status = 5;
          this.changeStatus(this.status);
          clearInterval(this.timer);
        } else if (this.status == 4) {
          this.status = 2;
          this.changeStatus(this.status);
          this.timer = setInterval(this.CountUp, 50);
        } else if (this.status == 5) {
          this.status = 3;
          this.changeStatus(this.status);
          this.timer = setInterval(this.CountDown, 50);
        }
      }
    }
  },
  mounted: function() {
    window.addEventListener("keyup", this.handleKeyup);
  },
  destroyed() {
    window.removeEventListener("keyup", this.handleKeyup);
  },
  components: {
    CounterButton
  }
};
</script>

<style>
body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.toolbar {
  background-color: #97a5bc;
  width: 1220px;
  height: 70px;
}

#hour {
  background-color: white;
  border-radius: 5px;
  position: absolute;
  left: 40px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 69px;
  height: 34px;
  font-size: 15px;
}

#hourlabel {
  position: absolute;
  left: 86px;
  top: 24px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #222222;
}

#minute {
  background-color: white;
  border-radius: 5px;
  position: absolute;
  left: 130px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 69px;
  height: 34px;
  font-size: 15px;
}

#minutelabel {
  position: absolute;
  left: 177px;
  top: 24px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #222222;
}

#second {
  background-color: white;
  border-radius: 5px;
  position: absolute;
  left: 220px;
  top: 15px;
  width: 69px;
  height: 34px;
  font-size: 15px;
}

#secondlabel {
  position: absolute;
  left: 268px;
  top: 24px;
  font-family: PingFangSC-Regular, "PingFang SC", sans-serif;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: #222222;
}

#time {
  position: absolute;
  left: 131px;
  top: 197px;
  font-size: 200px;
  font-family: PTMono-Bold, "PT Mono", monospace;
  font-weight: 700;
  color: #333333;
}

#hint {
  position: absolute;
  left: 40px;
  top: 24px;
  font-family: PTMono-Bold, "PT Mono", monospace;
  font-size: 16px;
  color: white;
}
</style>

最后在目录中使用

npm run dev

即可运行该项目。


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